About Ayam Cemani
The Ayam Cemani is a special poultry breed of chicken, its known for black feathers, skin, internal organs and black tongue. The fibromelanosis is a complex genetic trait resulting from a chromosomal rearrangement. its immediate ancestor, is the founder for all the world’s black-fleshed chicken breeds.
In Europe and North America, the Ayam Cemani is considered a separate breed, but in Indonesia it’s considered only as a subtype, Ayam Kedu Cemani of the Ayam Kedu breed. Partly this is because in Indonesia the breed is considered to have arisen in the 1920s Mr. Tjokromihardjo from Grabag, Magelang, a town in Central Java.
Introduce to Worldwide
However, the black birds had been brought to Europe from Indonesia in the 18th century by sailors of the Dutch East India Company (leading to the Swedish Black chicken) and black-fleshed fowl have been used as sacrificial birds in Indonesia and for traditional medicine in China for centuries. Thus the work of Mr. Tjokromihardjo was to stabilize and codify the breed.
This black bird has drawn considerable interest from fowl fanciers and scientists for their looks and their genetics. In 1998 the breed was re-introduced into Europe when it was imported from Indonesia by a Dutch breeder, Jan Steverink. It has become a popular poultry breed in the Netherlands, Germany, Slovakia and Czech Republic. and now its becoming more well known in the US and UK, with several breeders raising them.
There is another black chicken exist in Indonesia such as the Selasih From Sumatra, Black Java, and also Ayam Kedu as know as the ayam cemani Grand father. Breeders in Kedu are believed that the ayam cemani is a difernce line with the Ayam Kedu.
Unlike the related Ayam Kedu as know as good eggs layer,the Ayam Cemani produced a smaller number of eggs with typically produce 60 eggs in a year, with eggs weighing an average of 45g.